Wolves have always lived on the edge,
and where they are rendered extinct
the humans who created their absence
-by their overpopulation and topping
of the food chain-often try to engineer
returning the wolves to the landscapes
from which they were recently erased.
This is not done out of altruism,
but to help humans rediscover
the outer limits of human habitation.
It rarely works for either species, long term.